Poker Hand Rankings

Understanding poker hand rankings is fundamental to playing the game. This knowledge base article will explain the hierarchy of poker hands, from the highest to the lowest, applicable in most variants such as Texas Hold'em, Omaha, and Seven-Card Stud.

Royal Flush

The highest possible hand in poker, a royal flush consists of the ace, king, queen, jack, and ten, all of the same suit.

A♠ K♠ Q♠ J♠ 10♠

Straight Flush

Five consecutive cards of the same suit. The highest card of the five determines the rank of the straight flush.

9♣ 8♣ 7♣ 6♣ 5♣

Four of a Kind

Four cards of the same rank, plus one unmatched card.

Q♠ Q♥ Q♦ Q♣ 3♠

Full House

Three cards of one rank and two cards of another rank.

10♣ 10♦ 10♠ 7♥ 7♠


Five cards of the same suit, not in sequence. The highest card determines the rank of the flush.

K♣ 10♣ 7♣ 6♣ 4♣


Five consecutive cards of different suits. The ace can be high (above a king) or low (below a two).

8♦ 7♠ 6♣ 5♥ 4♠

Three of a Kind

Three cards of the same rank, plus two unmatched cards.

5♦ 5♠ 5♣ K♦ 3♠

Two Pair

Two cards of one rank, two cards of another rank, plus one unmatched card.

 J♥ J♠ 4♣ 4♦ 9♥

One Pair

Two cards of the same rank, plus three unmatched cards.

A♠ A♦ 7♣ 5♥ 2♠

High Card

When no player has any of the above hands, the hand with the highest card wins. If players have the same high card, the next highest card is considered, and so on.

Q♥ 10♣ 9♦ 6♠ 3♠ (Queen high)

Key Points to Remember

Four cards of the same rank, plus one unmatched card.

Q♠ Q♥ Q♦ Q♣ 3♠

Learn and use the basic strategy chart, which indicates the optimal action based on the player’s hand and the dealer’s upcard.

Advanced players use card counting to track the ratio of high to low cards remaining in the deck, adjusting their bets accordingly.

Five consecutive cards of different suits. The ace can be high (above a king) or low (below a two).

8♦ 7♠ 6♣ 5♥ 4♠


Roulette involves betting on where a ball will land on a spinning wheel divided into numbered pockets.

Wagering Options

Bets placed on specific numbers or small groups of numbers (e.g., straight, split, street).

Bets placed on larger groupings of numbers, colors, or odds/evens (e.g., red/black, odd/even, high/low).


Outside bets offer lower payouts but higher probabilities of winning.

This betting system involves doubling your bet after each loss, with the goal of recovering losses when a win occurs.


Poker is a family of card games where players wager over the best hand according to specific game rules.

Wagering Options

The initial bet required to participate in the game.

Forced bets placed by players before any cards are dealt.

Players can bet, check, raise, or fold during each round of betting.


Understand the hierarchy of poker hands to make informed betting decisions.

Use bluffing strategically to deceive opponents about the strength of your hand.

Take advantage of your position at the table, betting more aggressively in later positions.


Baccarat is a card game where players bet on whether the player or banker hand will win, or if there will be a tie.

Wagering Options

Betting on the player’s hand to win.

Betting on the banker’s hand to win.

Betting that the player and banker hands will tie.


The banker bet has a lower house edge compared to the player and tie bets.

The tie bet has a significantly higher house edge, making it a less favorable option.


Craps is a dice game where players wager on the outcome of the roll, or a series of rolls, of two dice.

Wagering Options

Betting that the shooter will win on the come-out roll.

Betting against the shooter.

Similar to pass/don’t pass bets but placed after the come-out roll.

Additional bets that can be placed behind the pass or come bets, offering true odds without a house edge.


These bets have a lower house edge compared to other options.

When placing pass line or come bets, always take full odds to maximize potential payouts.

Sports Betting

Sports betting involves wagering on the outcome of sports events.

Wagering Options

In poker, suits do not have ranks. A flush in hearts is equal to a flush in clubs.

The strength of hands from highest to lowest is as follows: Royal Flush, Straight Flush, Four of a Kind, Full House, Flush, Straight, Three of a Kind, Two Pair, One Pair, High Card.

In the event of a tie, the following rules apply:

    • For identical ranked hands: The highest card that is not part of the hand determines the winner (the kicker).
    • For flushes and straights: The highest card in the hand determines the winner.
    • For full houses: The rank of the three cards determines the winner. If these are the same, the rank of the pair determines the winner.


Knowing the hand rankings is essential for anyone looking to play poker seriously. This knowledge helps in making better decisions during the game, such as whether to bet, call, or fold based on the strength of your hand compared to potential hands your opponents might hold. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced player, understanding these rankings is a cornerstone of your poker strategy.