RTP Explained

RTP, or Return to Player, is a fundamental concept in the world of gambling, particularly in slot games. Understanding RTP can help you make more informed decisions about which games to play and how to manage your bankroll. This article will explain what RTP is, how it works, and why it’s important for both casual and serious gamblers.

What is RTP?

RTP stands for Return to Player and represents the percentage of all wagered money that a slot machine or casino game will pay back to players over time. It is a theoretical figure calculated based on extensive simulations and long-term play.


If a slot game has an RTP of 96%, it means that, on average, the game will return $96 for every $100 wagered. The remaining $4 represents the house edge, or the casino’s profit margin.

How is RTP Calculated?

RTP is calculated by game developers through rigorous testing and simulations that run thousands or even millions of spins to determine the average return to players. This ensures the RTP is as accurate as possible, reflecting the long-term performance of the game.

Key Points

RTP is theoretical and reflects long-term play. Individual gaming sessions can vary widely from the RTP.

Despite the calculated RTP, outcomes are determined by a Random Number Generator (RNG), ensuring each spin is independent and random.

RTP vs. House Edge

While RTP focuses on the player's perspective, the house edge represents the casino’s advantage over the player. The two are closely related:

House Edge=100%−RTP

For example, if a game has an RTP of 96%, the house edge is 4%.

Importance of RTP

Knowing the RTP helps players choose games that offer better returns, increasing their chances of winning over the long run.

Higher RTP games can potentially lead to more sustained play, allowing better management of your bankroll.

Understanding RTP can assist in developing strategies, especially for games like blackjack or video poker, where skill and strategy can influence the outcome.

Typical RTP Values

RTP values can vary widely across different types of casino games:

Typically range from 92% to 98%. Classic slots might have lower RTP, while modern video slots often feature higher RTP.

Usually have higher RTP than slots. For instance, blackjack can have an RTP of 99.5% with optimal strategy.

Also offers high RTP, often exceeding 99% with perfect play.

High RTP vs. Low RTP Games

  • Pros: Offer better long-term returns, lower house edge.
  • Cons: Might have lower volatility, meaning smaller, more frequent payouts.

  • Pros: Often come with higher volatility, which can result in larger, albeit less frequent, payouts.
  • Cons: Higher house edge, lower long-term returns.

Tips for Using RTP to Your Advantage

  1. Research: Always check the RTP before playing a game. Many online casinos and game providers publish RTP information.
  2. Opt for Higher RTP: Choose games with higher RTP to maximize your potential returns.
  3. Consider Volatility: High RTP does not always mean better for short-term play. Consider the game’s volatility and how it fits your playing style and bankroll.
  4. Use Bonuses: Casino bonuses can help extend your playtime on high RTP games, improving your chances of winning.

Popular High RTP Games

  • Mega Joker (NetEnt): RTP up to 99%
  • Ugga Bugga (Playtech): RTP of 99.07%
  • 1429 Uncharted Seas (Thunderkick): RTP of 98.6%

  • Blackjack: RTP around 99.5% with basic strategy.
  • Baccarat: RTP of 98.94% on the banker bet.

  • Jacks or Better: RTP up to 99.54% with optimal play.


RTP is a vital metric that every gambler should understand. It provides insight into the potential long-term returns of a game, helping you make more informed decisions and manage your bankroll effectively. By choosing high RTP games and understanding the relationship between RTP, house edge, and volatility, you can enhance your overall gaming experience and potentially increase your chances of winning. Remember, while RTP is a helpful guide, the randomness of each game means anything can happen in the short term, so always gamble responsibly.